This Is Why Your Internet Slows Down at Night
If you experience slower internet speeds at night, it may be due to network congestion. Just like rush hour traffic, when everyone uses the internet at the same time, the network’s limited bandwidth struggles to keep up.
There are two types of network congestion: local network congestion in your home network and wide area network (WAN) congestion on your internet service provider’s (ISP’s) network. ISP-level WAN network congestion isn’t as much of a problem as it used to be, so it’s more likely for congestion within your home or non-congestion issues to cause your periodic slowdowns.
This guide explains the possible causes for your nighttime internet slowdowns and provides some tips on how to mitigate them.
An internet network can handle only so much web traffic or bandwidth. How much varies between providers and depends on the internet infrastructure in the area. When there’s more simultaneous web traffic than the network can support, it slows down and causes congestion.
Network congestion also happens when there’s too much web traffic on your home network, like when everyone in your household starts downloading or streaming at once.
How to avoid slow internet at night
Fortunately, network congestion isn’t as big of a problem as it used to be. ISPs have dramatically improved their networks and technology to keep up with modern internet demands. Still, there are a few choices you can make to help you avoid those pesky nighttime slowdowns.
There’s a good chance your slow internet isn’t network congestion at all. Even if it seems like your slowdowns occur at the same time every day, you may just notice the slow speeds at a certain time daily.
Check out our comprehensive collection of internet troubleshooting articles to fix internet issues, speed up your Wi-Fi, and more.
Choose a cable or fiber ISP
Any type of internet is susceptible to network congestion, but it’s much less common with cable internet and fiber internet. And when congestion does occur over cable and fiber networks, it’s usually less severe.
Cable and fiber fare better than DSL and satellite because fiber-optic and coaxial cable networks can carry a lot more data than the phone cables used for DSL or the geosynchronous satellites used by satellite ISPs.
If you need help choosing between cable and fiber, check out our cable vs. fiber article that details the advantages of these two terrific internet service types.
Get a faster internet plan
This may seem pointless if your ISP’s entire network suffers from congestion, but usually a faster plan means faster speeds all around, even during peak hours.
It comes down to the cause of your nighttime slowdowns and how your ISP chooses to handle them. With slowdowns caused by your ISP, you can’t really know if upgrading fixes the problem until you try it, but giving yourself a higher bandwidth overhead is certainly worth a shot. A faster internet plan can help if your slowdowns are caused by local network congestion.
Stagger your household’s internet usage
If all the members of your household use a lot of internet bandwidth at the same time, you’re more likely to experience local network congestion. Scheduling internet use in your home so several high-bandwidth activities don’t occur at the same time helps keep your internet connection running smoothly.
Additionally, many routers can prioritize bandwidth for certain devices or types of internet traffic. This is useful for ensuring the most important internet functions in your home always have priority over less important ones.
Download files ahead of time
Download big files during the daytime when the network isn’t as crowded. You can also download movie files ahead of time instead of streaming to cut the buffering time you’d experience on an overloaded network.
Author - Austin Aguirre
Austin worked as a broadband technician installing and troubleshooting countless home internet networks for some of the largest ISPs in the U.S. He became a freelance writer in 2020 specializing in software guides. After graduating with a BS in technical communication from Arizona State University, he joined the team at HighSpeedInternet.com where he focuses on home network improvement and troubleshooting.
Editor - Rebecca Lee Armstrong
Rebecca Lee Armstrong has more than six years of experience writing about tech and the internet, with a specialty in hands-on testing. She started writing tech product and service reviews while finishing her BFA in creative writing at the University of Evansville and has found her niche writing about home networking, routers, and internet access at HighSpeedInternet.com. Her work has also been featured on Top Ten Reviews, MacSources, Windows Central, Android Central, Best Company, TechnoFAQ, and iMore.