What Is a Good Download and Upload Speed?
Pretty much every internet service provider (ISP) offers several different plans, each offering different download and upload speeds. If you’re in the market for a new internet service, which one should you pick? Do you always pick the fastest you can afford?
Residential internet speeds have increased rapidly over the last few years, so for many people, top-tier internet plans offer more speed than they could possibly use. But what’s a good download and upload speed for you? You don’t want to pick a plan that’s faster than what you need, so we’ll break down the details so you can pick the plan that’s right for you.
What is a good download speed?
A good download speed for most households is 10 Mbps per person. Of course, what a good download speed is for you heavily depends on what you do online and how many devices are on your home network. For basic web surfing or email, 10 Mbps is enough to give you a seamless online experience.
Video streaming services like Netflix and Hulu, on the other hand, are some of the most bandwidth-intensive activities that people engage in. If you have several TVs streaming movies along with iPads streaming YouTube, you’re going to want a download speed that can do some heavy lifting if you want to avoid the wrath that buffering brings.
Not sure what speed your devices need to keep functioning smoothly? You can use our How Much Speed Do I Need? Tool to determine exactly how much download speed you need to have a seamless internet experience at home.
What is a good upload speed?
Generally, a good upload speed to shoot for is 5 Mbps. However, most of the time, you don’t have to worry about upload speed when choosing an internet plan. Asymmetric DSL (ADSL) usually has speeds up to 1.5 Mbps, while cable internet can have upload speeds from 5 Mbps to 50 Mbps.
For most online activities, even ADSL’s 1.5 Mbps is more than enough for a smooth internet experience. Upload speed becomes much more important if you want to use video chat, upload high-resolution images, or livestream video from your home.
If you use your home network for work, school, or streaming on a regular basis, ADSL’s low upload speeds are definitely going to be a problem. At the very minimum, you’re going to want to find a cable provider that has upload speeds on the high end, between 25 Mbps and 50 Mbps.
An even better solution for those who rely on uploading is fiber, as long as it’s available in your area. Fiber-optic networks have symmetrical upload speeds, which means if you have a 1 Gbps (1,000 Mbps) connection, you have 1 Gbps upload and 1 Gbps download speeds. Fiber is also the most reliable type of connection, making your livestream much less likely to have issues—even if you stream at peak-use times.
While it’s tempting to dismiss upload bandwidth as something needed only by businesses and content creators, it’s worth noting that upload traffic increased dramatically after the COVID-19 outbreak as people had to figure out new ways to live their lives at a distance. For many households trying to keep up with work, school, and social connections, upload speed suddenly became the bottleneck.
What is a good Wi-Fi speed?
As a general rule, your Wi-Fi router should always be as fast or faster than the internet speed you’re paying for. It doesn’t matter how fast your internet connection is if you can’t get that speed to your actual devices. Wi-Fi routers can often be the bottleneck that keeps you from getting the speeds you need.
Many Wi-Fi routers boast incredibly high speeds due to having dual-band or tri-band technology, which essentially allows them to broadcast multiple Wi-Fi networks at the same time. This can be really important if you have a lot of devices on your home network. Multiple signal bands, along with other features like beamforming, MU-MIMO (multi-user, multiple input, multiple output), and other Wi-Fi 6 technologies, can allow your devices to take maximum advantage of your high-speed internet connection.
What is download speed?
Download speeds determine how fast information can travel from the internet to your home. Whether you’re pulling up a website, watching Netflix, or updating your OS, all that information is coming from a server somewhere and traveling across your connection into your house. For most every activity you do on the internet, download speed is going to be the most important factor.
What is upload speed?
Upload speeds are used when you want to send information from your device to another location on the internet. Although we don’t think about it as much as we think about downloading information, we upload information all the time. We use our upload speed when we want to post a video to Facebook, or send a picture from our phone to a friend. We also use it every time we click on a link or type a search term into Google. That information has to travel from our browser to the appropriate server in order to tell it which information it needs to send us. Uploading is an essential part of using the internet.
We all use upload speed, but some people rely on it heavily. If you’re a content creator that works with video, audio, or other media with large file sizes, slow upload speeds could mean waiting for hours to post your content online or store it on a cloud-based server. If you livestream video or use video chat like Zoom or Skype, you won’t even be able to connect if your bandwidth is too low.
Most ISPs advertise only download speeds, so you might not even realize that upload speeds are a separate thing. Download speeds are also generally the faster of the two speeds, so most advertisements tend to focus on them.
Download speed is generally more important than upload speed
Although we constantly both download and upload information online, for most of us, the information we upload is generally much smaller. If you’re looking for a new hat on Amazon, for example, your browser is constantly downloading images and text as you browse, as well as downloading the advertisements that pop up alongside your search results. By contrast, the only information that needs to be uploaded are the search terms you look up and the information from the links and buttons you click. This is why upload speeds usually don’t need to be as fast as download speeds.
Bottom line: only pay for speed you’re going to use
Fast internet is great, but paying for a faster connection than you can actually use won’t make any difference in your online experience. Choose an internet provider that meets your maximum speed requirements to avoid paying for bandwidth that you’re not going to use.
Author - Peter Christiansen
Peter Christiansen writes about satellite internet, rural connectivity, livestreaming, and parental controls for HighSpeedInternet.com. Peter holds a PhD in communication from the University of Utah and has been working in tech for over 15 years as a computer programmer, game developer, filmmaker, and writer. His writing has been praised by outlets like Wired, Digital Humanities Now, and the New Statesman.
Editor - Cara Haynes
Cara Haynes has been editing and writing in the digital space for seven years, and she's edited all things internet for HighSpeedInternet.com for five years. She graduated with a BA in English and a minor in editing from Brigham Young University. When she's not editing, she makes tech accessible through her freelance writing for brands like Pluralsight. She believes no one should feel lost in internet land and that a good internet connection significantly extends your life span.